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Being An Introduction To The Whole Work

Of Divination Sorcery The Black-art Pawawing And Such Like Pretenders To Devilism And How Far The Devil Is Or Is Not Concern'd

Of God's Calling A Church Out Of The Midst Of A Degenerate World

Of Hell As It Is Represented To Us And How The Devil Is To Be Understood As Being Personally In Hell When At The Same Time We F

Of Satan's Agents Or Missionaries And Their Actings Upon And In The Minds Of Men In His Name

Of The Devil's Last Scene Of Liberty

Of The Devil's Management In The Pagan Hierarchy By Omens Entrails Augurs Oracles And Such Like Pageantry Of Hell

Of The Devil's Second Kingdom And How He Got Footing In The Renew'd World By His Victory Over Noah And His Race

Of The Extraordinary Appearance Of The Devil And Particularly Of The Cloven-foot

Of The Manner Of Satan's Acting And Carrying On His Affairs In This World And Particularly Of His Ordinary Workings In The Dark

Of The Name Of The Devil His Original And The Nature Of His Circumstances Since He Has Been Called By That Name

Of The Number Of Satan's Host How They Came First To Know Of The New Created Worlds Now In Being And Their Measures With Mankin

Of The Original Of The Devil Who He Is And What He Was Before His Expulsion Out Of Heaven And In What State He Was From That Ti

Of The Power Of The Devil At The Time Of The Creation Of This World

Of The Progress Of Satan In Carrying On His Conquest Over Mankind From The Fall Of Eve To The Deluge

Of The Station Satan Had In Heaven Before He Fell The Nature And Original Of His Crime And Some Of Mr Milton's Mistakes Aboutit

Of The Tools The Devil Works With Witches Wizards Or Warlocks Conjurers Magicians Divines Astrologers Interpreters Of Dreams Te

Of The Various Methods The Devil Takes To Converse With Mankind

Of The Word Devil As It Is A Proper Name To The Devil And Any Or All His Host Angels

The Total Works

What Became Of The Devil And His Host Of Fallen Spirits After Their Being Expell'd From Heaven

Whether Is Most Hurtful To The World The Devil Walking About Without His Cloven-foot Or The Cloven-foot Walking About Without T

Witches Making Bargains For The Devil And Particularly Of Selling The Soul To The Devil




Of The Original Of The Devil Who He Is And What He Was Before His Expulsion Out Of Heaven And In What State He Was From That Ti








To come to a regular enquiry into Satan's affairs, 'tis needful we
should go back to his original, as far as history and the opinion of the
learned World will give us leave.

It is agreed by all Writers, as well sacred as prophane, that this
creature we now call a Devil, was originally an Angel of light, a
glorious Seraph; perhaps the choicest of all the glorious Seraphs. See
how Milton describes his original glory:

Satan, so call him now, his former name
Is heard no more in Heaven: He of the first,
If not the first Archangel; great in power,
In favour and preeminence.

lib. v. fol. 140.

And again the same author, and upon the same subject:

------Brighter once amidst the host
Of Angels, than that star the stars among.

lib. vii. fol. 189.


The glorious figure which Satan is supposed to make among the Thrones
and Dominions in Heaven is such, as we might suppose the highest Angel
in that exalted train could make; and some think, as above, that he
was the chief of the Arch-angels.

Hence that notion, (and not ill founded) namely, that the first cause
of his disgrace, and on which ensued his rebellion, was occasioned upon
God's proclaiming his SON Generalissimo, and with himself supreme ruler
in heaven; giving the dominion of all his works of creation, as well
already finish'd, as not then begun, to him; which post of honour (say
they) Satan expected to be conferr'd on himself, as next in honour,
majesty and power to God the Supreme.

This opinion is follow'd by Mr. Milton too, as appears in the
following lines, where he makes all the Angels attending all a general
summons, and God the Father making the following declaration to them.

"Here, all ye Angels, prodigy of light,
"Thrones, dominions, princedoms, virtues, pow'rs!
"Hear my decree, which unrevok'd shall stand.
"This day I have begot whom I declare
"My only SON, and on this hill
"Him have anointed, whom you now behold
"At my right hand; your Head I Him appoint:
"And my self have sworn to him shall bow
"All knees in Heav'n, and shall confess him Lord,
"Under his great vice-gerent reign abide
"United, as one individual soul,
"For ever happy: Him who disobeys,
"Me disobeys, breaks union, and that day
"Cast out from GOD, and blessed vision, falls
"Into utter darkness, deep ingulph'd, his place
"Ordain'd without redemption, without end.


Satan, affronted at the appearance of a new Essence or Being in Heaven,
call'd the Son of God; for God, says Mr. Milton, (tho' erroneously)
declared himself at that time, saying, This day have I begotten him,
and that he should be set up, above all the former Powers of Heaven, of
whom Satan (as above) was the Chief and expecting, if any higher post
could be granted, it might be his due; I say, affronted at this he
resolv'd

"With all his Legions to dislodge, and leave
"Unworship'd, unobey'd, the throne supreme
"Contemptuous. ------

Par. lost, lib. v. fo. 140.


But Mr. Milton is grosly erroneous in ascribing those words, This day
have I begotten thee, to that declaration of the Father before Satan
fell, and consequently to a time before the creation; whereas, it is by
Interpreters agreed to be understood of the Incarnation of the Son of
God, or at least of the Resurrection: [3] see Pool upon Acts xiii.
33.

In a word, Satan withdrew with all his followers malecontent and
chagrine, resolv'd to disobey this new command, and not yield obedience
to the Son.

But Mr. Milton agrees in that opinion, that the number of Angels which
rebel'd with Satan was infinite, and suggests in one place, that they
were the greatest half of all the angelick Body or seraphick Host.

"But Satan with his Power,
"An host
"Innumerable as the stars of night,
"Or stars of morning, dew drops, which the Sun
"Impearls on ev'ry leaf and ev'ry flower.

ib. lib. v. fo. 142.


Be their number as it is, numberless millions and legions of millions,
that is no part of my present enquiry; Satan the leader, guide and
superior, as he was author of the celestial rebellion, is still the
great Head and Master-Devil as before; under his authority they still
act, not obeying but carrying on the same insurrection against God,
which they begun in Heaven; making war still against Heaven, in the
person of his Image and Creature man; and tho' vanquish'd by the thunder
of the Son of God, and cast down headlong from Heaven, they have yet
reassumed, or rather not lost either the will or the power of doing
evil.

This fall of the Angels, with the war in Heaven which preceded it, is
finely describ'd by Ovid, in his war of the Titans against
Jupiter; casting mountain upon mountain, and hill upon hill (Pelion
upon Ossa) in order to scale the Adamantine walls, and break open the
gates of Heaven; till Jupiter struck them with his thunder-bolts and
overwhelm'd them in the abyss: Vide Ovid Metam. new translation, lib.
i. p. 19.

"Nor were the Gods themselves secure on high,
"For now the Gyants strove to storm the sky,
"The lawless brood with bold attempt invade
"THE GODS, and mountains upon mountains laid.
"But now the bolt, enrag'd the Father took,
"Olympus from her deep foundations shook,
"Their structure nodded at the mighty stroke,
"And Ossa's shatter'd top o'er Pelion broke,
"They're in their own ungodly ruines slain.--


Then again speaking of Jupiter, resolving in council to destroy
mankind by a deluge, and giving the reasons of it to the heavenly Host,
say thus, speaking of the demy-Gods alluding to good men below.

"Think you that they in safety can remain,
"When I my self who o'er Immortals reign,
"Who send the lightning, and Heaven's empire sway,
"The stern [4] Lycaon practis'd to betray.

ib. p. 10.


Since then so much poetic liberty is taken with the Devil, relating to
his most early state, and the time before his fall, give me leave to
make an excursion of the like kind, relating to his History immediately
after the fall, and till the creation of man; an interval which I think
much of the Devil's story is to be seen in, and which Mr. Milton has
taken little notice of, at least it does not seem compleatly fill'd up;
after which I shall return to honest Prose again, and persue the duty of
an Historian.

Satan, with hideous ruin thus supprest
Expell'd the seat of blessedness and rest,
Look'd back and saw the high eternal mound,
Where all his rebel host their outlet found
Restor'd impregnable: The breach made up,
And garrisons of Angels rang'd a top;
In front a hundred thousand thunders roll,
And lightnings temper'd to transfix a soul,
Terror of Devils. Satan and his host,
Now to themselves as well as station lost,
Unable to support the hated sight, }
Expand seraphic wings, and swift as light }
Seek for new safety in eternal Night. }

In the remotest gulphs of dark they land,
Here vengeance gives them leave to make their stand,
Not that to steps and measures they pretend,
Councils and schemes their station to defend;
But broken, disconcerted and dismay'd,
By guilt and fright to guilt and fright betray'd;
Rage and confusion ev'ry Spirit possess'd,
And shame and horror swell'd in ev'ry breast;
Transforming envy to their essentials burns,
And the bright Angel to a frightful Devil turns.
Thus Hell began; the fire of conscious rage
No years can quench, no length of time asswage.
Material Fire, with its intensest flame,
Compar'd with this can scarce deserve a Name;
How should it up to immaterials rise,
When we're all flame, we shall all fire despise.
This fire outrageous and its heat intense
Turns all the pain of loss to pain of sense.
The folding flames concave and inward roll,
Act upon spirit and penetrate the soul:
Not force of Devils can its new powers repel,
Where'er it burns it finds or makes a HELL;
For Satan flaming with unquench'd desire
Forms his own Hell, and kindles his own fire,
Vanquish'd, not humbl'd, not in will brought low,
But as his powers decline his passions grow:
The malice, Viper like, takes vent within,
Gnaws its own bowels, and bursts in its own sin:
Impatient of the change he scorns to bow,
And never impotent in power till now;
Ardent with hate, and with revenge distract,
A will to new attempts, but none to act;
Yet all seraphick, and in just degree,
Suited to Spirits high sense of misery,
Deriv'd from loss which nothing can repair,
And room for nothing left but meer despair.
Here's finish'd Hell! what fiercer fire can burn?
Enough ten thousand Worlds to over-turn.
HELL's but the frenzy of defeated pride,
Seraphick Treason's strong impetuous tide,
Where vile ambition disappointed first,
To its own rage and boundless hatred curst;
The hate's fan'd up to fury, that to flame,
For fire and fury are in kind the same;
These burn unquenchable in every face,
And the word ENDLESS constitutes the place.

O state of Being! where being's the only grief,
And the chief torture's to be damn'd to life;
O life! the only thing they have to hate;
The finish'd torment of a future state,
Compleat in all the parts of endless misery,
And worse ten thousand times than not to BE!
Could but the Damn'd the immortal law repeal,
And Devils dye, there'd be an end of Hell;
Could they that thing call'd Being annihilate,
There'd be no sorrows in a future state;
The Wretch, whose crimes had shut him out on high,
Could be reveng'd on God himself and die;
Job's Wife was in the right, and always we
Might end by death all human misery, }
Might have it in our choice, to be or not to be. }





Next: Of The Name Of The Devil His Original And The Nature Of His Circumstances Since He Has Been Called By That Name

Previous: Of The Word Devil As It Is A Proper Name To The Devil And Any Or All His Host Angels



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