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Being An Introduction To The Whole Work

Of Divination Sorcery The Black-art Pawawing And Such Like Pretenders To Devilism And How Far The Devil Is Or Is Not Concern'd

Of God's Calling A Church Out Of The Midst Of A Degenerate World

Of Hell As It Is Represented To Us And How The Devil Is To Be Understood As Being Personally In Hell When At The Same Time We F

Of Satan's Agents Or Missionaries And Their Actings Upon And In The Minds Of Men In His Name

Of The Devil's Last Scene Of Liberty

Of The Devil's Management In The Pagan Hierarchy By Omens Entrails Augurs Oracles And Such Like Pageantry Of Hell

Of The Devil's Second Kingdom And How He Got Footing In The Renew'd World By His Victory Over Noah And His Race

Of The Extraordinary Appearance Of The Devil And Particularly Of The Cloven-foot

Of The Manner Of Satan's Acting And Carrying On His Affairs In This World And Particularly Of His Ordinary Workings In The Dark

Of The Name Of The Devil His Original And The Nature Of His Circumstances Since He Has Been Called By That Name

Of The Number Of Satan's Host How They Came First To Know Of The New Created Worlds Now In Being And Their Measures With Mankin

Of The Original Of The Devil Who He Is And What He Was Before His Expulsion Out Of Heaven And In What State He Was From That Ti

Of The Power Of The Devil At The Time Of The Creation Of This World

Of The Progress Of Satan In Carrying On His Conquest Over Mankind From The Fall Of Eve To The Deluge

Of The Station Satan Had In Heaven Before He Fell The Nature And Original Of His Crime And Some Of Mr Milton's Mistakes Aboutit

Of The Tools The Devil Works With Witches Wizards Or Warlocks Conjurers Magicians Divines Astrologers Interpreters Of Dreams Te

Of The Various Methods The Devil Takes To Converse With Mankind

Of The Word Devil As It Is A Proper Name To The Devil And Any Or All His Host Angels

The Total Works

What Became Of The Devil And His Host Of Fallen Spirits After Their Being Expell'd From Heaven

Whether Is Most Hurtful To The World The Devil Walking About Without His Cloven-foot Or The Cloven-foot Walking About Without T

Witches Making Bargains For The Devil And Particularly Of Selling The Soul To The Devil

What Became Of The Devil And His Host Of Fallen Spirits After Their Being Expell'd From Heaven

What became of the Devil and his Host of fallen Spirits after their
being expell'd from Heaven, and his wandring condition till the
Creation; with some more of Mr. Milton's absurdities on that

Having thus brought the Devil and his innumerable Legions to the edge
of the Bottomless-pit, it remains, before I bring them to action, that
some enquiry should be made into the posture of their affairs
immediately after their precipitate Fall, and into the place of their
immediate Residence; for this will appear to be very necessary to
Satan's History, and indeed, so as that without it, all the farther
account we have to give of him, will be inconsistent and imperfect.

And first, I take upon me to lay down some Fundamentals, which I believe
I shall be able to make out Historically, tho', perhaps, not so
Geographically as some have pretended to do.

1. That Satan was not immediately, nor is yet lock'd down into
the Abyss of a local Hell, such as is supposed by some, and such
as he shall be at last; or that,

2. If he was, he has certain liberties allowed him for excursions
into the Regions of this Air, and certain spheres of action, in
which he can, and does move, to do, like a very Devil as he is,
all the mischief he can, and of which we see so many examples both
about us and in us; in the inquiry after which, I shall take
occasion to examine whether the Devil is not in most of us,
sometimes, if not in all of us one time or other.

3. That Satan has no particular residence in this Globe or Earth
where we live; that he rambles about among us, and marches over and
over our whole country, he and his Devils in Camps volant; but
that he pitches his grand Army or chief Encampment in our
Adjacencies or Frontiers, which the Philosophers call Atmosphere;
and whence he is call'd the Prince of the Power of that Element or
part of the World we call Air; from whence he sends out his
Spies, his Agents and Emissaries, to get intelligence, and to carry
his Commissions to his trusty and well beloved Cousins and
Counsellors on Earth, by which his business is done, and his
affairs carried on in the World.

Here, again, I meet Mr. Milton full in my face, who will have it, that
the Devil, immediately at his expulsion, roll'd down directly into a
Hell proper and local; nay, he measures the very distance, at least
gives the length of the journey by the time they were passing or
falling, which, he says, was nine days; a good Poetical flight, but
neither founded on Scripture or Philosophy; he might every jot as well
have brought Hell up to the Walls of Heaven, advanc'd to receive
them, or he ought to have consider'd the space which is to be allow'd
to any locality, let him take what part of infinite distance between
Heaven and a created Hell he pleases.

But let that be as Mr. Milton's extraordinary genius pleases to place
it; the passage, it seems, is just nine days betwixt Heaven and Hell;
well might Dives then see father Abraham, and talk to him too; but
then the great Gulph which Abraham tells him was fix'd between them,
does not seem to be so large, as according to Sir Isaac Newton, Dr.
Halley, Mr. Whiston, and the rest of our Men of Science, we take it
to be.

But suppose the passage to be nine Days, according to Mr. Milton, what
follow'd? why Hell gap'd wide, open'd its frightful mouth, and received
them all at once; millions and thousands of millions as they were, it
received them all at a gulp, as we call it, they had no difficulty to
go in, no, none at all.

Facilis desensus averni, sed revocare gradum
Hoc opus hic labor est.---- Virg.

All this, as Poetical, we may receive, but not at all as Historical; for
then come difficulties insuperable in our way, some of which may be as
follow: (1.) Hell is here supposed to be a place; nay a place created
for the punishment of Angels and Men, and likewise created long before
those had fallen, or these had Being; this makes me say, Mr. Milton
was a good Poet, but a bad Historian: Tophet was prepar'd of old,
indeed, but it was for the King, that is to say, it was prepar'd for
those whose lot it should be to come there; but this does not at all
suppose it was prepar'd before it was resolv'd whether there should be
subjects for it, or no; else we must suppose both Men and Angels were
made by the glorious and upright Maker of all things, on purpose for
destruction, which would be incongruous and absurd.

But there is worse yet to come; in the next place he adds, that Hell
having receiv'd them, clos'd upon them; that is to say, took them in,
clos'd or shut its Mouth; and in a word, they were lock'd in, as it was
said in another place, they were lock'd in, and the Key is carry'd up to
Heaven and kept there; for we know the Angel came down from Heaven,
having the Key of the Bottomless-pit; but first, see Mr. Milton.

'Nine days they fell, confounded chaos roar'd
'And felt ten-fold confusion in their fall:
'----Hell at last
'Yawning receiv'd them all, and on them clos'd;
'Down from the verge of Heaven, eternal wrath
'Burnt after them----

This Scheme is certainly deficient, if not absurd, and I think is more
so than any other he has laid; 'tis evident, neither Satan or his Host
of Devils are, no not any of them, yet, even now, confin'd in the
eternal Prison, where the Scripture says, he shall be reserved in
chains of darkness. They must have mean thoughts of Hell, as a
Prison, a local Confinement, that can suppose the Devil able to
break Goal, knock off his Fetters, and come abroad, if he had been once
lock'd in there, as Mr. Milton says he was: Now we know that he is
abroad again, he presented himself before God, among his neighbours,
when Job's case came to be discours'd of; and more than that, it's
plain he was a prisoner at large, by his answer to God's question, which
was, whence comest thou? to which he answer'd, from going to and fro
thro' the Earth, &c. this, I say, is plain, and if it be as certain
that Hell closed upon them, I demand then, how got he out? and why was
there not a Proclamation for apprehending him, as there usually is,
after such Rogues as break prison?

In short, the true Account of the Devil's Circumstances, since his
Fall from Heaven, is much more likely to be thus: That he is more of a
Vagrant than a Prisoner, that he is a Wanderer in the wild unbounded
Wast, where he and his Legions, like the Hoords of Tartary, who, in
the wild Countries of Karakathay, the Desarts of Barkan, Kassan,
and Astracan, live up and down where they find proper; so Satan and
his innumerable Legions rove about hic & ubique, pitching their Camps
(being Beasts of prey) where they find the most Spoil; watching over
this World, (and all the other Worlds for ought we know, and if there
are any such,) I say watching, and seeking who they may devour, that
is, who they may deceive and delude, and so destroy, for devour they

Satan being thus confin'd to a vagabond, wandring, unsettl'd
Condition, is without any certain Abode; For tho' he has, in consequence
of his Angelic Nature, a kind of Empire in the liquid Wast or Air;
yet, this is certainly part of his punishment, that he is continually
hovering over this inhabited Globe of Earth; swelling with the Rage of
Envy, at the Felicity of his Rival, Man; and studying all the means
possible to injure and ruin him; but extremely limited in Power, to his
unspeakable Mortification: This is his present State, without any fix'd
Abode, Place, or Space, allow'd him to rest the Sole of his Foot upon.

From his Expulsion, I take his first View of Horror to be that, of
looking back towards the Heaven which he had lost; there to see the
Chasm or Opening made up, out at which, as at a Breach in the Wall of
the holy Place, he was thrust Head-long by the Power which expel'd him;
I say, to see the Breach repair'd, the Mounds built up, the Walls
garison'd with millions of Angels, and arm'd with Thunders; and, above
all, made terrible by that Glory from whose Presence they were expel'd,
as is Poetically hinted at before.

Upon this sight, 'tis no wonder (if there was such a Place) that they
fled till the Darkness might cover them, and that they might be out of
the View of so hated a Sight.

Wherever they found it, you may be sure they pitch'd their first Camp,
and began, after many a sour Reflection upon what was pass'd, to
consider and think a little, upon what was to come.

If I had as much personal Acquaintance with the Devil, as would admit
it, and could depend upon the Truth of what Answer he would give me, the
first Question I would ask him, should be, what Measures they resolv'd
on at their first Assembly? and the next should be, how they were
employ'd in all that space of Time, between their so flying the Face of
their almighty Conqueror, and the Creation of Man? as for the Length of
the Time, which, according to the Learn'd, was twenty thousand Years,
and according to the more Learned, not half a Quarter so much, I would
not concern my Curiosity much about it; 'tis most certain, there was a
considerable time between, but of that immediately; first let me enquire
what they were doing all that time.

The Devil and his Host, being thus, I say, cast out of Heaven, and not
yet confin'd strictly to Hell, 'tis plain they must be some where.
Satan and all his Legions did not lose their Existence, no, nor the
Existence of Devils neither; GOD was so far from annihilating him,
that he still preserv'd his Being; and this not Mr. Milton only, but
GOD himself has made known to us, having left his History so far upon
record; several expressions in Scripture also make it evident, as
particularly the story of Job, mentioned before; the like in our
Saviour's time, and several others.

If Hell did not immediately ingulph them, as Milton suggests, 'tis
certain, I say, that they fled Somewhere, from the anger of Heaven, from
the face of the Avenger; and his absence, and their own guilt, wonder
not at it, would make Hell enough for them wherever they went.

Nor need we fly to the Dreams of our Astronomers, who take a great
deal of pains to fill up the vast Spaces of the starry Heavens with
innumerable habitable Worlds; allowing as many solar Systems as there
are fix'd Stars, and that not only in the known Constellations, but even
in Gallaxie it self; who, to every such System allow a certain number
of Planets, and to every one of those Planets so many Satellites or
Moons, and all these Planets and Moons to be Worlds; solid, dark,
opaque Bodies, habitable, and (as they would have us believe) inhabited
by the like Animals and rational Creatures as on this Earth; so that
they may, at this rate, find room enough for the Devil and all his
Angels, without making a Hell on purpose; nay they may, for ought I
know, find a World for every Devil in all the Devil's Host, and so
every one may be a Monarch or Master-Devil, separately in his own
Sphere or World, and play the Devil there by himself.

And even if this were so, it cannot be denied but that one Devil in a
place would be enough for a whole systemary World, and be able, if not
restrained, to do mischief enough there too, and even to ruin and
overthrow the whole body of People contain'd in it.

But, I say, we need not fly to these shifts, or consult the Astronomers
in the decision of this point; for wherever Satan and his defeated
Host went, at their expulsion from Heaven, we think we are certain,
none of all these Beautiful Worlds, or be they Worlds or no, I mean the
fix'd Stars, Planets, &c. had then any existence; for the Beginning,
as the Scripture calls it, was not yet Begun.

But to speak a little by the rules of Philosophy, that is to say, so as
to be understood by others, even when we speak of things we cannot fully
understand ourselves: Tho' in the Beginning of Time all this glorious
Creation was form'd, the Earth, the starry Heavens, and all the
Furniture thereof, and there was a Time when they were not; yet we
cannot say so of the Void, or that nameless no-where, as I call'd it
before, which now appears to be a some-where, in which these glorious
Bodies are plac'd. That immense Space which those take up, and which
they move in at this Time, must be supposed, before they had Being, to
be plac'd there: As God himself was, and existed before all Being, Time,
or Place, so the Heaven of Heavens, or the Place, where the Thrones and
Dominions of his Kingdom then existed, inconceivable and ineffable, had
an existence before the glorious Seraphs, the innumerable company of
Angels which attended about the Throne of God existed; these all had a
Being long before, as the Eternal Creator of them all had before them.

Into this void or abyss of Nothing, however unmeasurable, infinite, and
even to those Spirits, themselves Inconceivable, they certainly launch'd
from the bright Precipice which they fell from, and here they shifted as
well as they could.

Here expanding those Wings which Fear, and Horror at their Defeat
furnish'd them, as I hinted before, they hurried away to the utmost
Distance possible, from the Face of GOD their Conqueror, and then most
dreaded Enemy; formerly their Joy and Glory.

Be this utmost remov'd Distance where it will, Here, certainly,
Satan and all his Gang of Devils, his numberless, tho' routed Armies
retired. Here Milton might, with some good Ground, have form'd his
Pandemonium, and have brought them in, consulting what was next to be
done, and whether there was any room left to renew the War, or to carry
on the Rebellion; but had they been cast immediately into Hell, closed
up there, the Bottomless pit lock'd upon them, and the Key carried up to
Heaven to be kept there, as Mr. Milton himself in part confesses,
and the Scripture affirms; I say, had this been so, the Devil himself
could not have been so ignorant as to think of any future Steps to be
taken, to retrieve his Affairs, and therefore a Pandemonium or Divan
in Hell, to consult of it, was ridiculous.

All Mr. Milton's Scheme of Satan's future Conduct, and all the
Scripture Expressions about the Devil and his numerous Attendants, and
of his actings since that time, make it not reasonable to suggest that
the Devils were confin'd to their eternal Prison, at their Expulsion
out of Heaven; But that they were in a State of Liberty to act, tho'
limited in acting, of which I shall also speak in its place.

Next: Of The Number Of Satan's Host How They Came First To Know Of The New Created Worlds Now In Being And Their Measures With Mankin

Previous: Of The Station Satan Had In Heaven Before He Fell The Nature And Original Of His Crime And Some Of Mr Milton's Mistakes Aboutit

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