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Telepathy Vs Clairvoyance

In this work I shall use the term "clairvoyance" in its broad sense of
"astral perception," as distinguished from perception by means of the
physical senses. As we proceed, you will see the general and special
meanings of the term, so there is no necessity for a special definition or
illustration of the term at this time.

By "telepathy," I mean the sending and receiving of thought messages, and
mental and emotional states, consciously or unconsciously, by means of
what may be called "the sixth sense" of the physical plane. There is, of
course, a form of thought transference on the astral plane, but this I
include under the general term of clairvoyance, for reasons which will be
explained later on.

You will remember that in the preceding chapter I told you that in
addition to the five ordinary physical senses of man there were also two
other physical senses comparatively undeveloped in the average person.
These two extra physical senses are, respectively, (1) the sense of the
presence of other living things; and (2) the telepathic sense. As I also
told you, these two extra physical senses have their astral counterparts.
They also have certain physical organs which are not generally recognized
by physiologists or psychologists, but which are well known to all
occultists. I shall now consider the first of the two above-mentioned
extra physical senses, in order to clear the way for our consideration of
the question of the distinction between ordinary telepathy and that form
of clairvoyance which is its astral counterpart.

There is in every human being a sense which is not generally recognized as
such, although nearly every person has had more or less experience
regarding its workings. I refer to the sense of the presence of other
living things, separate and apart from the operation of any of the five
ordinary physical senses. I ask you to understand that I am not claiming
that this is a higher sense than the other physical senses, or that it has
come to man in a high state of evolution. On the contrary, this sense came
to living things far back in the scale of evolution. It is possessed by
the higher forms of the lower animals, such as the horse, dog, and the
majority of the wild beasts. Savage and barbaric men have it more highly
developed than it is in the case of the civilized man. In fact, this
physical sense may be termed almost vestigal in civilized man, because he
has not actively used it for many generations. For that matter, the
physical sense of smell is also deficient in man, and for the same reason,
whereas in the case of the lower animals, and savage man, the sense of
smell is very keen. I mention this for fear of misunderstanding. In my
little book, "The Astral World," I have said: "All occultists know that
man really has seven senses, instead of merely five, though the
additional two senses are not sufficiently developed for use in the
average person (though the occultist generally unfolds them into use)."
Some have taken this to mean that the occultist develops these two extra
physical senses, just as he does certain higher psychic or astral
faculties. But this is wrong. The occultist, in such case, merely
re-awakens these two senses which have been almost lost to the race. By
use and exercise he then develops them to a wonderful proficiency, for use
on the physical plane.

Now, this sense of the presence of other living beings is very well
developed in the lower animals, particularly in those whose safety depends
upon the knowledge of the presence of their natural enemies. As might be
expected, the wild animals have it more highly developed than do the
domesticated animals. But even among the latter, we find instances of this
sense being in active use--in the case of dogs, horses, geese, etc.,
especially. Who of us is not familiar with the strange actions of the dog,
or the horse, when the animal senses the unseen and unheard presence of
some person or animal? Very often we would scold or punish the animal for
its peculiar actions, simply because we are not able to see what is
worrying it. How often does the dog start suddenly, and bristle up its
hair, when nothing is in sight, or within hearing distance. How often does
the horse grow "skittish," or even panicky, when there is nothing within
sight or hearing. Domestic fowls, especially geese, manifest an uneasiness
at the presence of strange persons or animals, though they may not be
able to see or hear them. It is a matter of history that this sense, in a
flock of geese, once saved ancient Rome from an attack of the enemy. The
night was dark and stormy, and the trained eyesight and keen hearing of
the Roman outposts failed to reveal the approach of the enemy. But, the
keen sense of the geese felt the presence of strange men, and they started
to cackle loudly, aroused the guard, and Rome was saved. Skeptical persons
have sought to explain this historical case by the theory that the geese
heard the approaching enemy. But this explanation will not serve, for the
Roman soldiers were marching about on their posts and guard-duty, and the
geese remained silent until they sensed the approach of the small number
of the enemy's scouts, when they burst into wild cries. The ancient
Romans, themselves, were under no illusion about the matter--they
recognized the existence of some unusual power in the geese, and they gave
the animals the full credit therefor.

Hunters in wild and strange lands have told us that often when they were
lying concealed for the purpose of shooting the wild animals when they
came within range, they have witnessed instances of the existence of this
strange faculty in the wild beasts. Though they could not see the
concealed hunters, nor smell them (as the wind was in the other direction)
all of a sudden one or more of the animals (generally an old female) would
start suddenly, and a shiver would be seen to pass over its body; then it
would utter a low warning note, and away would fly the pack. Nearly every
hunter has had the experience of watching his expected game, when all of a
sudden it would start off with a nervous jerk, and without waiting to
sniff the air, as is usual, would bolt precipitately from the scene.
Moreover, many beasts of prey are known to sense the presence of their
natural prey, even when the wind is in the other direction, and there is
no sound or movement made by the crouching, fearstricken animal. Certain
birds seem to sense the presence of particular worms upon which they feed,
though the latter be buried several inches in the earth, or in the bark of

Savage man also has this faculty developed, as all travellers and
explorers well know. They are as keen as a wild animal to sense the
nearness of enemies, or, in some cases, the approach of man-eating beasts.
This does not mean that that these savages are more highly developed than
is civilized man--quite the reverse. This is the explanation: when man
became more civilized, and made himself more secure from his wild-beast
enemies, as well as from the sudden attacks of his human enemies, he began
to use this sense less and less. Finally, in the course of many
generations, it became almost atrophied from disuse, and ceased reporting
to the brain, or other nerve centres. Or, if you prefer viewing it from
another angle, it may be said that the nerve centres, and brain, began to
pay less and less attention to the reports of this sense (trusting more to
sight and hearing) until the consciousness failed to awaken to the
reports. You know how your consciousness will finally refuse to be
awakened by familiar sounds (such as the noise of machinery in the shop,
or ordinary noises in the house), although the ears receive the

Well, this is the way in the case of this neglected sense--for the two
reasons just mentioned, the average person is almost unaware of its
existence. Almost unaware I have said--not totally unaware. For probably
every one of us has had experiences in which we have actually "felt" the
presence of some strange person about the premises, or place. The effect
of the report of this sense is particularly noticed in the region of the
solar plexus, or the pit of the stomach. It manifests in a peculiar,
unpleasant feeling of "gone-ness" in that region--it produces a feeling of
"something wrong," which disturbs one in a strange way. This is generally
accompanied by a "bristling up," or "creepy" feeling along the spine. The
organs registering the presence of a strange or alien creature consist of
certain delicate nerves of the surface of the skin, generally connected
with the roots of the downy hair of the body--or resting where the hair
roots would naturally be, in the case of a hairless skin. These seem to
report directly to the solar-plexus, which then acts quickly by reflex
action on the other parts of the body, causing an instinctive feeling to
either fly the scene or else to crouch and hide oneself. This feeling, as
may be seen at once, is an inheritance from our savage ancestors, or
perhaps from our lowly-animal ancestral roots. It is a most unpleasant
feeling, and the race escapes much discomfort by reason of its comparative

I have said that occultists have developed, or rather re-developed this
sense. They do this in order to have a harmonious well-developed
seven-fold sense system. It increases their general "awareness." Certain
other knowledge of the occultist neutralizes the unpleasant features of
the manifestation of this sense, and he finds it often a very valuable
adjunct to his senses of seeing and hearing, particularly in the cases in
which he is approached by persons having antagonistic or hostile feelings
toward him, as in such cases this faculty is particularly active. In
connection with the telepathic sense (to be described a little further on)
this sense operates to give a person that sense of warning when approached
by another person whose feelings are not friendly to him, no matter how
friendly the outward appearance of that person may be. These two extra
senses co-operate to give a person that instinctive feeling of warning,
which all of us know in our own experience.

This particular, as well as the telepathic sense, may be cultivated or
developed by anyone who wishes to take the time and trouble to accomplish
the work. The principle is simple--merely the same principle that one uses
in developing any of the other physical attributes, namely, use and
exercise. The first step (a) is the recognition of the existence of the
sense itself; then (b) the attention given to its reports; then (c)
frequent use and exercise. Just think of how you would proceed to develop
any of the five ordinary senses--the hearing, sight, or touch, for
instance--then follow the same process in the cultivation of this extra
sense, or two senses, and you will accomplish the same kind of results.

Now, let us consider the other extra physical sense--the "telepathic"
sense, or sense of becoming aware of the thought-waves, or emotional
waves, of other persons. Now, as strange as this may appear to some
persons--the most of persons in fact--this telepathic faculty is not a
"higher" faculty or sense, but is really a comparatively low one. Just
like the sense just described, it is possessed in a higher degree by many
of the lower animals, and by primitive and savage man. That which really
is "higher" in this kind of psychic phenomena is the manifestation of that
higher form of telepathy--by use of the astral counterpart of this
sense--which we shall consider, later, under the name of clairvoyance, for
this is really a particular phase of clairvoyance.

As strange as it may appear to some of you, the lower animals possess a
kind of telepathic sense. An animal is usually aware of your feelings
toward it, and your purposes regarding it. Domestic animals lose some of
this by generations of confinement, while the wild animals have the sense
highly developed. But even some of the domestic animals have more or less
of it. You will readily recognize this fact if you have ever tried to
"cut out" a certain animal from a herd or flock. You will find that the
animal in some way has sensed your designs upon it, no matter how
indirectly you approach it, and it will begin circling around the other
animals, twisting in and out in its endeavors to be lost to your sight.
The other animals, likewise, will seem to know that you are after only
that particular one, and will manifest but little fright or distrust,

I have frequently seen this thing, in my own country and in others, among
poultry raisers. The poultryman will think, to himself, "Now, I am going
to get that black hen with the yellow legs--that fat, clumsy one," and he
will move toward the flock slowly and with an air of unconcern. But, lo!
as soon as he gets near the creatures, that black hen will be seen edging
her way to the outer circle of the flock, on the opposite side from the
man. When the man moves around to her side, she will be found to have
plunged into the crowd, and it is hard to find her. Sometimes she will
actually try to sneak off, and conceal herself in some dark corner, or
back of some large object. Every poultryman will smile when this
occurrence is mentioned to him--he knows by experience that hens have a
way of sensing what he has in his mind regarding them.

Moreover, as every farmer knows, the crow family has a most uncanny way of
sensing the intentions of the farmer who is trying to destroy them, and
shows great sagacity in defeating those intentions. But, while the crow is
a very intelligent bird--one of the wisest of the bird family, in
fact--it obtains its knowledge of what is in the mind of the man not alone
from "figuring on his intentions," but rather from that instinctive
sensing of his mental states. The hen, as all know, is a very stupid bird,
showing but little intelligent activity. But, nevertheless, she is very
quick about sensing the poultryman's designs on her, though generally very
stupid about planning out a skillful escape.

Every owner of dogs, cats and horses, has had many opportunities for
observing the manifestation of this sense on the part of those animals.
Every dog feels the emotional states of his owner, and others. The horse
knows when his owner seeks to throw the halter over his neck, or when, on
the contrary, he is merely walking through the field. Cats sense their
owners' feelings and thoughts, and often resent them. Of course, the lower
animals can sense merely elementary mental states, and generally only
emotional states, as their minds are not developed so as to interpret the
more complex mental states. Primitive men likewise almost instinctively
sense the feelings and designs of other men. They do not reason the thing
out, but rather merely "feel" the ideas and designs of the others. The
women of the lower races are more adept in interpreting these sense
reports than are the men. Women are more sensitive, as a rule, than are
men--on any point on the scale of development.

When we come to consider ordinary telepathy in the case of men of
civilized countries, we find a more complex state of affairs. While
civilized man, as a whole, has lost some of the quick telepathic
perception of the lower races, he has, in some exceptional cases, acquired
a faculty of receiving and interpreting more complex thought-forms and
mental states. The investigations of the Society for Psychical Research,
and those of private investigators as well, have shown us that a picture
of a complicated geometrical design held in the mind of one person may be
carried to and received by the mind of another person, who reproduces the
design on paper. In the same way, complicated thoughts have been
transmitted and received. But these are only exceptional cases. In many
cases this sense seems almost dead in the ordinary civilized individual,
except when aroused in exceptional cases.

But, nevertheless, the majority of persons have occasional flashes of
telepathy--just enough to make them realize that "there is something in
it." The renewed interest in the subject, of late years, has directed the
public mind to the phenomena of telepathy, and, consequently, more persons
are now taking note of the cases of thought-transference coming under
their personal notice. It must be remembered, of course, that all of us
are constantly receiving thought-waves, and feeling thought-influence,
unconsciously. I am speaking now only of the conscious perception of the

Many investigators have so developed their telepathic sense that they are
able, at times, to obtain wonderful test results. But, it has been a
source of disappointment to many of them to discover that at other times,
under apparently similar conditions, their success was very slight. So
true is this that many authorities have accepted the theory that telepathy
is more or less spontaneous, and cannot be produced to order. This theory
is true as far as it goes, but there is a side of the case that these
investigators overlook, probably because of their lack of the occult
principles involved in the phenomena. I mean this: that their most
brilliant successes have been obtained by reason of their unconscious
"switching on" of the astral telepathic sense, the clairvoyant sense.
While in this condition, they obtained startling results; but the next
time they tried, they failed to awaken the astral sense, and, therefore,
had to depend entirely upon the physical telepathic sense, and,
consequently, their results were comparatively poor.

You will understand the difference and distinction between physical-sense
telepathy, and astral-sense telepathy, if you will carefully consider the
nature of each, as I shall now present it to you. I ask your close
attention to what I shall have to say on this subject in the remaining
pages of this chapter. Do not pass over these explanations as "dry," for
unless you have a clear fundamental understanding of the thing, you will
never be able to get the best results. This is true of every phase of
learning, physical as well as psychical--one must get started right, in
order to obtain the best results.

In the first place, every thought process, every emotional activity,
every creation of ideas, is accompanied by a manifestation of force--in
fact, is the result of the manifestation of a force. Without entering at
all into the question of what mind is, in itself, we may rest firmly on
the natural fact that every manifestation of mental or emotional activity
is the result of an action of the brain or nervous system, manifesting in
a form of vibrations. Just as in the case of the manifestation of
electricity in which certain chemical elements are consumed, or
transformed, so in the case of mental or emotional activity there is a
consuming or transformation of the substance of which the nervous system
is composed. When I say "nervous system" in this connection, I include the
brain, or brains of man--for these are but a part of his great nervous
system in which all emotional or mental activity is manifested.

Moreover, just as there is no real destruction of matter in any of
Nature's processes--all seeming destruction being but a transformation--so
in the case before us there is a transformation of the energy released in
the thought or emotional process. We may grasp this idea more clearly if
we consider what takes place into transformation of electrical energy. For
instance, transmit a strong current of electricity over a fine wire, or
filament of carbon, and lo! the current is transformed into light. Use
another kind of channel of transmission, and the current is transformed
into heat. Every electric light, or electric heating apparatus is proof
of this. In the same way, the electric current is sent into space in the
form of wireless waves. These waves coming in contact with certain forms
of apparatus are transformed into forms of force which are registered and
interpreted by the wireless operator.

In the same way, the telepathic waves of energy are sent forth by the
activity released by the thought or emotion state. These waves travel in
every direction, and when they come in contact with physical apparatus
sufficiently sensitive to register them, they may be reproduced or
retransformed into thought or mental states similar to those which
originally sent them forth. You talk into the receiver of the telephone,
and the sound waves are transformed into waves of electricity. These
electric waves travel over the wires, and on reaching the other end of the
telephone circuit are again transformed into sound-waves which are heard
by the ear of the listener. Well, then, when your brain sends out thought
waves, these travel until they are received by the apparatus in the brain
of another person, when they are re-transformed into thoughts of the same
kind that originally caused the thought-waves. I will have much more to
say on this subject in the next chapter. I will pause here to point out
the difference between the phenomena of this form of telepathy, and the
higher form which is really a phase of clairvoyance.

Now, in the case of what may be called a clairvoyant-telepathy, or astral
telepathy, the ordinary thought-waves play but a small part. Instead of
these, there is a transmission of force along the channels of the astral
plane. It is almost impossible to describe the phenomena of the astral
plane in the terms of the physical. I may illustrate the matter, in a
general way, by saying that is something like your astral self actually
extending itself out until it touches the astral self of the other person,
and thus actually "feels" the astral activities there, instead of it being
a case of something like waves travelling along space between brain and
brain. Do you get this clearly? This is about as near to it as I can
explain it to you at this place. Telepathy is simply a matter of the
transmission and receiving of waves of vibratory force which have
travelled along the ether between two persons. But clairvoyance or
astral-telepathy is something like your mind being extended out until it
actually touches the mind of the other person and sees what is there.

I shall have much to say regarding the working out of the processes of
clairvoyance, as we proceed. I have merely given the above explanation for
the purpose of distinguishing between ordinary telepathy and clairvoyance,
so as to prevent you from falling into a common error. Now let us consider
the phenomena of ordinary telepathy--this is very wonderful in itself,
although it is on a lower plane of activity than its astral or clairvoyant

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