Stibium Or Antimony

Stibium or Antimony, as the Philosophers say, is composed of a Noble

Mineral Sulphur, which they accounted to be the black secret Lead of the


The Arabians call it Asmat or Azmat; the Alchymists retain the

Name Antimony.

Addition. The Moors call it Antimony, others call it Alabaster,

or Tarbason. By the Arabians and Spaniards it is called Alcohol.

Avicennae c. 7. calls it A
temed. Alexius of Piedmont, in his

seventh Book of Secrets, calls it Talck, even as John Jacob Wecker

renders it in his Books of Secrets; but Talck is far different from

Antimony. Pliny, Book 33. Chap. 6. of Antimony. Dioscorides

gives a preparation of Antimony, Book 5. Chap. 39. They call it also

Stibi, Stimmi, &c. The Germans call it Spies glass, or as

George Fabricius would rather have it, Spies glantz. Gerlandius

calls it Black Alcophil, Altofel, or Alirnu, others Cosmet, and

it is twofold, Masculine and Feminine.

It will lead us to the consideration of higher Mysteries, if we behold

and discern that Nature wherein Gold is exalted, even as the Magi have

found that this Mineral is by God ordained under the Constellation of

Aries, which is the first Celestial Sign, wherein the Sun takes its

Exaltation, though this be not regarded by the Vulgar; yet discreet

people will know, and the better observe, that even in this place also

the Mysteries and Perpetuity may in part be considered with great

benefit, and in part discovered.

But some ignorant and indiscreet people think, that when they had

Antimony, they would deal well enough with it by Calcination, others

by Sublimation, and some by Reverberation, thereby to obtain its great

Mystery and perfect Medicine. But I tell you, that here in this place

it availes not in the least, either Calcination, Sublimation, or

Reverberation, whereby afterwards a perfect extraction can or might be

done or effected with profit, to transmute the meaner into a better

Metallick virtue; for it is impossible for you.

Be not deluded; some of the Philosophers which have wrote of such

things, as Geber, Albertus Magnus, Rasis, Rupecissa,

Aristotle, and many others: But observe this: Some say, that if

Antimony be made to a Vitrum or Glass, the bad volatile Sulphur is

gone, and the Oil which may be prepared out of that Glass, will be a

very fixt Oil, and will really give an ingress and Medicine of

perfection to the imperfect Metals.

These words and opinion are good and true, but it will not be nor

appear such indeed; for I tell you truly, without concealed speeches,

that if you lose any of the aforesaid Sulphur in the Preparation or

Burning, for a small fire may easily prejudice it, you then have lost

the true penetrating Spirit, which should make the whole Body of

Antimony to a perfect red Oyl, which should also ascend over the helm

with a delightful sent, and curious Colours; observe likewise, that the

whole Body of this Mineral, with all its Members, should be but one Oyl,

and ascend over the helm without any loss of weight, excepting the


How should the Body be brought to an Oil, or yield its pleasant Oil, if

it be brought to the last being of its degree, for Glass is in all

things the utmost and last.

You shall likewise know that you shall not obtain that perfect noble Oil

in the least, if it be extracted with corrected Vinegar poured upon the

Antimony, nor yet by Reverberation; and although its various colours

may appear, yet is it not the right way; you may indeed get an Oil, but

you must know that it hath no part of the Tincture, or power of

transmutation in it.